The zone of 2. order textuality
Textual relations and forms defined by their relation to primary texts - and framing in different ways the relation of a text to other texts.
- Paratext -around the text: ”those liminal devices…that mediate the book to the reader” (authorname, title, abstracts).Sender=author
- Intertext - between texts: ”the literal presence (more or less literal whether integral or not) of one text within another” (references - citing/cited): sender=citing author
- Metatext - about the text: ”The transtextual relation that links the commentary to the text it comments upon” (commentary, classfications, index terms): sender=compiler, bibliographer, editor.
Gerard Genette (1992), (1997)
Inspired by the French literate Gerard Genette.
Each of these three types frame the individual text with regard to other texts in different ways and have different senders.
And each of them have strategic importance for navigation in scholarly archives.
They all turn both inward and outward:
- the paratextual title refers to the content but also position the text with regard to pre-existing literature.
- the intertextual reference places the text of one author in the context of the citing authors argument
- metatexts such as the terms in a subject index, constructs a metatextual context that positions the text among others in one or more areas of research. (reflects both internal logic of index terms and the actual literature that is classified).
In other words they mediate in different ways the relation of a text to other texts - thus work in a borderland / fuzzy zone...
Obviously, these forms are not new - and the crucial question is if and how they are transformed and reconfigured when hyperlinked on the web. I have no final conclusions on this matter but want to address it anyway.